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Identifying orphaned OCS phone numbers in Active Directory   

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Today I was trying to assign a phone number to a new user in OCS, but could not because I got an error stating ‘A duplicate Remote Call Control device URI already exists. Please specify a different URI.’ I knew instantly that the phone number I was trying to put in the Line URI field was assigned to someone else, probably a former employee who still had a disabled account in Active Directory. The problem was, how do I find that account so that I can free up the phone number?

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Disabling an account in Active Directory does not release a phone number, and so you have to make sure that your exit procedures include the extra step of removing the Line URI attribute from the departing employee, otherwise you can not reuse that same phone number later. To preserve integrity, OCS prevents a URI from being assigned to two different users. I created a query with a utility that ships with Windows called dsquery to identify the accounts that had the phone number I was trying to assign.

To use this command, simply put the command below inside a batch file, like phone.bat and then you can pass the phone number as a parameter like phone 555-555-1234.

dsquery * domainroot -filter "(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(msRTCSIP-Line=tel:+1%1*))" -attr sAMAccountNAME msRTCSIP-Line -limit 0

It will return the usernames of any users who are assigned that phone number. The cool thing is because I specified a wildcard, I could enter a partial number like just the area code and it will return all employees who have phone numbers in that area code – so it is useful for more than finding phantom phone numbers.

Here are some other great one-line system administration tricks, courtesy of Sapien Technologies.

FSMO Roles
ntdsutilroles Connections “Connect to server %logonserver%” Quit “selectOperation Target” “List roles for conn server” Quit Quit Quit
Domain Controllers
Nltest /dclist:%userdnsdomain%
Domain Controller IP Configuration
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -domain %userdnsdomain% -o rdn’) do psexec \\%i ipconfig /all
Stale computer accounts
dsquery computer domainroot -stalepwd 180 -limit 0
Stale user accounts
dsquery user domainroot -stalepwd 180 -limit 0
Disabled user accounts
dsquery user domainroot -disabled -limit 0
AD Database disk usage
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -domain %userdnsdomain% -o rdn’) do dir \\%i\admin$\ntds
Global Catalog Servers from DNS
dnscmd %logonserver% /enumrecords %userdnsdomain% _tcp | find /i “3268″
Global Catalog Servers from AD
dsquery * “CN=Configuration,DC=forestRootDomain” -filter “(&(objectCategory=nTDSDSA)(options:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=1))”
Users with no logon script
dsquery * domainroot -filter”(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(!scriptPath=*))”-limit 0 -attr sAMAccountName sn givenName pwdLastSet distinguishedName
User accounts with no pwd required
dsquery * domainroot -filter “(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(userAccountControl:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=32))”
User accounts with no pwd expiry
dsquery * domainroot -filter”(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(userAccountControl:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=65536))”
User accounts that are disabled
dsquery * domainroot -filter “(&(objectCategory=Person)(objectClass=User)(userAccountControl:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=2))”
DNS Information
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -domain %userdnsdomain% -o rdn’) do dnscmd %i /info
DNS Zone Detailed information
dnscmd /zoneinfo %userdnsdomain%
Garbage Collection and tombstone
dsquery * “cn=Directory Service,cn=WindowsNT,cn=Services,cn=Configuration,DC=forestRootDomain” -attrgarbageCollPeriod tombstoneLifetime
Netsh authorised DHCP Servers
netsh dhcp show server
DSQuery authorised DHCP Servers
Dsquery * “cn=NetServices,cn=Services,cn=Configuration, DC=forestRootDomain” -attr dhcpServers
DHCP server information
netsh dhcp server \\DHCP_SERVER show all
DHCP server dump
netsh dhcp server \\DHCP_SERVER dump
WINS serer information
Netsh wins server \\WINS_SERVER dump
Group Policy Verification Tool
gpotool.exe /checkacl /verbose
AD OU membership
dsquery computer -limit 0
AD OU membership
dsquery user -limit 0
List Service Principal Names
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -domain %userdnsdomain% -o rdn’) do setspn -L %i
Compare DC Replica Object Count
dsastat ?s:DC1;DC2;… ?b:Domain ?gcattrs:objectclass ?p:999
Check AD ACLs
acldiag dc=domainTree
NTFRS Replica Sets
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -domain %userdnsdomain% -o rdn’) do ntfrsutl sets %i
NTFRS DS View
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -domain %userdnsdomain% -o rdn’) do ntfrsutl ds %i
Domain Controllers per site
Dsquery * “CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=forestRootDomain” -filter (objectCategory=Server)
DNS Zones in AD
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -o rdn’) do Dsquery * -s %i domainroot -filter (objectCategory=dnsZone)
Enumerate DNS Server Zones
for /f %i in (’dsquery server -o rdn’) do dnscmd %i /enumzones
Subnet information
Dsquery subnet ?limit 0
List Organisational Units
Dsquery OU
ACL on all OUs
For /f “delims=|” %i in (’dsquery OU’) do acldiag %i
Domain Trusts
nltest /domain_trusts /v
Print DNS Zones
dnscmd DNSServer /zoneprint DNSZone
Active DHCP leases
For /f %i in (DHCPServers.txt) do for /f “delims=- ” %j in (’”netshdhcp server \\%i show scope | find /i “active”"‘) do netsh dhcp server\\%i scope %j show clientsv5
DHCP Server Active Scope Info
For /f %i in (DHCPServers.txt) do netsh dhcp server \\%i show scope | find /i “active”
Resolve DHCP clients hostnames
for /f “tokens=1,2,3 delims=,” %i in (Output from ‘Find Subnets fromDHCP clients’) do @for /f “tokens=2 delims=: ” %m in (’”nslookup %j |find /i “Name:”"‘) do echo %m,%j,%k,%i
Find two online PCs per subnet
Echo. > TwoClientsPerSubnet.txt & for /f “tokens=1,2,3,4delims=, ” %i in (’”find /i “pc” ‘Output from Resolve DHCP clientshostnames’”‘) do for /f “tokens=3 skip=1 delims=: ” %m in (’”Find /i /c”%l” TwoClientsPerSubnet.txt”‘) do If %m LEQ 1 for /f %p in (’”ping -n1 %i | find /i /c “(0% loss”"‘) do If %p==1 Echo %i,%j,%k,%l
AD Subnet and Site Information
dsquery * “CN=Subnets,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=forestRootDomain” -attr cn siteObject description location
AD Site Information
dsquery * “CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=forestRootDomain” -attr cn description location -filter (objectClass=site)
Printer Queue Objects in AD
dsquery * domainroot -filter “(objectCategory=printQueue)” -limit 0
Group Membership with user details
dsget group “groupDN” -members | dsget user -samid -fn -mi -ln -display -empid -desc -office -tel -email -title -dept -mgr
Total DHCP Scopes
find /i “subnet” “Output from DHCP server information” | find /i “subnet”
Site Links and Cost
dsquery * “CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=forestRootDomain” -attr cn costdescription replInterval siteList -filter (objectClass=siteLink)
Time gpresult
timethis gpresult /v
Check time against Domain
w32tm /monitor /computers:ForestRootPDC
Domain Controller Diagnostics
dcdiag /s:%logonserver% /v /e /c
Domain Replication Bridgeheads
repadmin /bridgeheads
Replication Failures from KCC
repadmin /failcache
Inter-site Topology servers per site
Repadmin /istg * /verbose
Replication latency
repadmin /latency /verbose
Queued replication requests
repadmin /queue *
Show connections for a DC
repadmin /showconn *
Replication summary
Repadmin /replsummary
Show replication partners
repadmin /showrepl * /all
All DCs in the forest
repadmin /viewlist *
ISTG from AD attributes
dsquery * “CN=NTDS Site Settings,CN=siteName,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=forestRootDomain” -attr interSiteTopologyGenerator
Return the object if KCC Intra/Inter site is disabled for each site
Dsquery site | dsquery * -attr * -filter “(|(Options:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=1)(Options:1.2.840.113556.1.4.803:=16))”
Find all connection objects
dsquery * forestRoot -filter (objectCategory=nTDSConnection) ?attr distinguishedName fromServer whenCreated displayName
Find all connection schedules
adfind -b “cn=Configuration,dc=qraps,dc=com,dc=au” -f “objectcategory=ntdsConnection” cn Schedule -csv
Software Information for each server
for /f %i in (Output from ‘Domain Controllers’) do psinfo \\%i &filever \\%i\admin$\explorer.exe \\%i\admin$\system32\vbscript.dll\\%i\admin$\system32\kernel32.dll \\%i\admin$\system32\wbem\winmgmt.exe\\%i\admin$\system32\oleaut32.dll
Check Terminal Services Delete Temp on Exit flag
For /f %i in (Output from ‘Domain Controllers’) do Reg query”\\%i\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\TerminalServer” /v DeleteTempDirsOnExit
For each XP workstation, query the current site and what Group Policy info
@dsquery * domainroot -filter”(&(objectCategory=Computer)(operatingSystem=Windows XPProfessional))” -limit 0 -attr cn > Workstations.txt & @For /f%i in (Workstations.txt) do @ping %i -n 1 >NUL & @if ErrorLevel0 If NOT ErrorLevel 1 @Echo %i & for /f “tokens=3″ %k in (’”regquery “\\%i\hklm\software\microsoft\windows\currentversion\grouppolicy\history” /v DCName | Find /i “DCName”"‘) do @for /f %m in(’”nltest /server:%i /dsgetsite | find /i /v “completedsuccessfully”"‘) do @echo %i,%k,%m
Information on existing GPOs
dsquery * “CN=Policies,CN=System,domainRoot” -filter”(objectCategory=groupPolicyContainer)” -attr displayName cnwhenCreated gPCFileSysPath
Copy all Group Policy .pol files
for /f “tokens=1-8 delims=\” %i in (’dir /b /s\\%userdnsdomain%\sysvol\%userdnsdomain%\policies\*.pol’) do @echo copy\\%i\%j\%k\%l\%m\%n\%o %m_%n.pol
Domain Controller Netlogon entries
for /f %i in (’dsquery server /o rdn’) do echo %i & reg query\\%i\hklm\system\currentcontrolset\services\netlogon\parameters
WINS Statistics
for /f “tokens=1,2 delims=,” %i in (WINSServers.txt) do netsh wins server \\%i show statistics
WINS Record counts per server
for /f “tokens=1,2 delims=,” %i in (WINSServers.txt) do netsh wins server \\%i show reccount %i
WINS Server Information
for /f “tokens=2 delims=,” %i in (WINSServers.txt) do netsh wins server \\%i show info
WINS Server Dump
for /f “tokens=2 delims=,” %i in (WINSServers.txt) do netsh wins server \\%i dump
WINS Static Records per Server
netsh wins server \\LocalWINSServer show database servers={} rectype=1
Find policy display name given the GUID
dsquery * “CN=Policies,CN=System,DC=domainRoot” -filter (objectCategory=groupPolicyContainer) -attr Name displayName
Find empty groups
dsquery * -filter “&(objectCategory=group)(!member=*)” -limit 0-attr whenCreated whenChanged groupType sAMAccountNamedistinguishedName memberOf
Find remote NIC bandwidth
wmic /node:%server% path Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_NetworkInterface GET Name,CurrentBandwidth
Find remote free physical memory
wmic /node:%Computer% path Win32_OperatingSystem GET FreePhysicalMemory
Find remote system information
SystemInfo /s %Computer%
Disk statistics, including the number of files on the filesystem
chkdsk /i /c
Query IIS web sites
iisweb /s %Server% /query “Default Web Site”
Check port state and connectivity
portqry -n %server% -e %endpoint% -v
Forest/Domain Functional Levels
ldifde -d cn=partitions,cn=configuration,dc=%domain% -r”(|(systemFlags=3)(systemFlags=-2147483648))” -lmsds-behavior-version,dnsroot,ntmixeddomain,NetBIOSName -p subtree -fcon
Forest/Domain Functional Levels
dsquery * cn=partitions,cn=configuration,dc=%domain% -filter”(|(systemFlags=3)(systemFlags=-2147483648))” -attrmsDS-Behavior-Version Name dnsroot ntmixeddomain NetBIOSName
Find the parent of a process
wmic path Win32_Process WHERE Name=’notepad.exe’ GET Name,ParentProcessId
Lookup SRV records from DNS
nslookup -type=srv _ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs.{domainRoot}
Find when the AD was installed
dsquery * cn=configuration,DC=forestRootDomain -attr whencreated -scope base
Enumerate the trusts from the specified domain
dsquery * “CN=System,DC=domainRoot” -filter “(objectClass=trustedDomain)” -attr trustPartner flatName
Find a DC for each trusted domain
for /f “skip=1″ %i in (’”dsquery * CN=System,DC=domainRoot -filter(objectClass=trustedDomain) -attr trustPartner”‘) do nltest /dsgetdc:%i
Check the notification packages installed on all DCs
for /f %i in (’dsquery server /o rdn’) do @for /f “tokens=4″ %m in(’”reg query\\%i\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa /v”Notification Packages” | find /i “Notification”"‘) do @echo %i,%m
List ACLs in SDDL format
setacl -on %filepath% -ot file -actn list -lst f:sddl
Find out if a user account is currently enabled or disabled
dsquery user DC=%userdnsdomain:.=,DC=% -name %username% | dsget user -disabled -dn
Find servers in the domain
dsquery * domainroot -filter “(&(objectCategory=Computer)(objectClass=Computer)(operatingSystem=*Server*))” -limit 0
Open DS query window
rundll32 dsquery,OpenQueryWindow

 
Posted by  Joe Stocker  on  12/16/2009
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